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[IBT写作] 托福写作:新概念中的经典句式

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发表于 2016-5-11 15:39:58 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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估计大家都知道新概念,我本⼈也再准备GRE的时候背过20多篇, 但是当时作为⼀个准备考试的学生,对考题的理解肯定是不够的,所以虽然背了很多文章,到了真正考试的时候还是发现⾃己的语言挺屌丝的,所以本期就从新概念里面挑出两个句型结合最近机经里面的题目进行展⽰如何将阅读与写作结合:
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句型1:
Young people who have reason to fear that they will be killed in battle may justifiably feel bitter in the thought that they have been cheated of the best things that life has to offer. But in an old man who has known human joys and sorrows, and has achieved whatever work it was in him to do, the fear of death is somewhat abject and ignoble.
就两句话,对⽐了下年轻人和⽼年⼈对死亡的恐惧。年轻人,有各种各样不想死的理由,⼀想到会失去⽣活所能给予他们的种种美好的事物,就感到痛苦。这是可以理解的! ⽽对于⽼年⼈来说,他们已经历过⼈生甘苦,该做的都做了,应该是坦然微笑着⾯对⽣⽼病死的时候,再要怕死就有点可怜了(但是很多⼈包括历史上的诸多帝王在内 都是十分可怜的,因为他们真的很怕死,嬴政同学搞了那么多术士,还有什么雍正等等,应该不是因为喜欢吃重⾦属吧)。
在此,我们可以总结如下句型, 用于描述年轻⼈的特点:
Young people who have reason to fear that ... may justifiably feel bitter in the thought that they have been cheated of the best things that XX has to offer.
⼤大家注意: have reason to do=there is a justification for sb. to do sth. 有理由做某事⼉儿,如:
There is a justification for the old to pursue a tranquil life in the thought of their progressive loss of vigor and resistance.
相较之下,⽼老年⼈人就淡定很多。
But in an old man who has known human joys and sorrows, and has achieved whatever work it was in him to do, the fear of death is somewhat abject and ignoble.
上⾯加粗的部分其实也描述了⼀部分应该是⽐较成功的⽼年⼈的特点,虽然不⼀定对,但是我们总可以拿过来⽤用, 结合我们之前第一期总结的 A pales into insignificance when set against...我们可以写出如下例句:
The disadvantages of a sinecure, such as boredom and less financial rewards, pale into insignificance when set against the huge benefits it may bring about, especially in the thought of an old man who has known human joys and sorrows, and has achieved whatever work it was in them to do.
⽽上面这些例句都可以⽤在下⾯面这个题目当中:
It is better to have a secure job with low salaries than a paid job that is easy to lose.
我们来在看⼀下⾯这个题目,我们也可以利⽤年轻⼈的特点来写,赶时髦吗...
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句型2:
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Under this circumstance, little justification is there for them to concern themselves with the education of their next generation insomuch as they, more often than not, are entirely ignorant of the significance of education in the cultivation of their children’s personality, of the salient role that education plays in the success of their children’s future career, and of the remarkable impact that knowledge may impose on the fate of the whole family, thanks mainly to their own lack of education, to their unsatisfactory economic situations, and also to their ever-growing stress both mentally and physically.
在此,通过三个 of 和三个 to 的连⽤把农民兄弟不关注子女的教育问题写的⾮常有气势,暂且不提我们同不同意,光是语⾔就可以蒙到很多考官了。
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