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[备考] 解读小托福指代题以及真题练习

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发表于 2014-11-28 17:35:39 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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  小托福中的指代题是一个常考话题,那么什么叫做指代题呢?这种题型又该如何去做呢?指代题其实就是一种测试考生对于文章中代词所指代的具体对象的考察。主要考察的目的就是测试学生辨识文章中指代词在文中指代关系的能力。
  通常指代题的考察的方式是会在文中将会考察的单词或者短语用下划线表示出来。被标示的词汇通常就是我们所说的指代词。这种指代题的解题方法要点是什么呢?

  指代题解题要点
  1)、 需要注意代词只会指代出现在其之前的概念
  2)、 注意所选的答案与指代它的代词需要有数(单数或者复数)和格(第一人称,第二人称,第三人称)的一致。
  一般常考的代词有:
  指代题
  人称代词:they it them
  指示代词:this that these those
  关系代词:Which
  其他代词:Other
  4. 例题
  Jupiter and the other giant planets are of a low-density type quite distinct from the terrestrial planets: they are composed predominantly of such substances as hydrogen, helium, ammonia, and methane, unlike terrestrial planets.
  1. The word "they" refers to
  (A) nuclear reactions
  (B) giant planets
  (C) terrestrial
  (D) substances
  Evaporated from the oceans, water vapor forms clouds, some of which are transported by wind over the continents. Condensation from the clouds provides the essential agent of continental erosion: rain.
  2. The word "which" refers to
  (A) clouds
  (B) oceans
  (C) continents
  (D) compounds
  Although sieves work well for silt, sand, and larger particles, they are not appropriate for clay particles. Clay is far too small to sieve accurately
  3. The word "they" refers to
  (A) categories
  (B) sieves
  (C) larger particles
  (D) clay particles
  Initially, 70 sites were proposed as candidates for sanctuary status. Two and a half decades later, only fifteen sanctuaries had been designated, with half of these established after 1978.
  4. The word "these" refers to
  (A) sites
  (B) candidates
  (C) decades
  (D) sanctuaries
  Molt of the flight feathers is the most highly organized part of the process. Some species, for example, begin by dropping the outermost primary feathers on each side (to retain balance in the air) and wait until the replacement feathers are about one-third grown before shedding the next outermost, and so on. Others always start with the innermost primary feathers and work outward. Yet other species begin in the middle and work outward on both sides.
  5. The word "Others" refers to
  (A) ducks
  (B) sides
  (C) species
  (D) flight feathers

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