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[备考] 小托福之是时候来测测词汇量能否过关!

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发表于 2014-11-16 14:57:45 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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小托福阅读理解部分考试也会出现词汇吃的考题类型,词汇题的考查最多的是形容词和动词这一类。对于这类题的解题方法,主要强调是通过前后文的逻辑理解,句与句之间的链接,或者某个词来帮助我们推敲不认识的形容词或者动词。平时我们除了多记忆单词,鼓励单词系统记忆,像同义词、反义词、词根、词缀、固定搭配等都一起归纳做好笔记。

1、那么词汇类型题出题的出发点在哪里呢?
小托福考试词汇题就是想考查考生能否识别文章中个别单词和短语的具体意思。考生们理解陌生词的意思必须符合原文含义。需要指出的是,小托福阅读词汇题并没有一个必然会考到的“词汇表”。通常情况下,备考到的单词或短语对于理解文章的一个大的或重要的部分起到至关重要的作用。


2. 提问方式词汇题很好识别,在文章中每五行会有行号,然后问题如下:X, the word ABC is closest in meaning to _______

3. 解题要点
1). 如果认识单词,选择与文中意思相符的选项
2). 如果不认识单词
(1) 词根词缀法
(2) 上下文推断法
上下文推断法可利用的线索:同义关系,反义关系,解释关系,词语搭配

4. 例题
The largest giant gas planet, Jupiter, with a volume 1,300 times greater than Earth's, contains more than twice the mass of all the other planets combined. It is thought to be a gaseous and fluid planet without solid surfaces. Had it been somewhat more massive, Jupiter might have attained internal temperatures as high as the ignition point for nuclear reactions, and it would have flamed as a star in its own right.
1. The word "attained" is closest in meaning to
(A) attempted
(B) changed
(C) lost
(D) reached

No two comets ever look identical, but they have basic features in common, one of the most obvious of which is a coma. A coma looks like a misty, patch of light with one or more tails often streaming from it in the direction away from the Sun.

2. The word "identical" is closest in meaning to
(A) equally fast
(B) exactly alike
(C) near each other
(D) invisible

Molt requires that a bird find and process enough protein to rebuild approximately one-third of its body weight. It is not surprising that a bird in heavy molt often seems unwell. But far from being random, molt is controlled by strong evolutionary forces that have established an optimal time and duration. Generally, molt occurs at the time of least stress on the bird.

3. The word "random" is closest in meaning to
(A) unfortunate
(B) unusual
(C) unobservable
(D) unpredictable

The external surfaces of plants, in addition to being covered by an epidermis and a waxy cuticle, often carry spiky hairs, which either prevent feeding by insects or may even puncture and kill insect larvae. Other trichomes are sticky and glandular and effectively trap and immobilize insects.

4. The word "puncture" is closest in meaning to
(A) pierce
(B) pinch
(C) surround
(D) cover .

The Native Americans of northern California were highly skilled at basketry, using grasses, barks, and roots to fashion articles of all sorts and sizes-not only trays, containers, and cooking pots, but hats, boats, fish traps, and baby carriers.

5. The word "fashion" is closest in meaning to
(A) maintain
(B) organize
(C) trade  
(D) create

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