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[每日一练] 提高SSAT阅读能力必备拓展练习(四)

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发表于 2013-6-21 16:58:17 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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SSAT阅读(四)

阅读(四) 20. Questions 20-24.
Conflict had existed between Spainand Englandsince the 1570s. Englandwanted a share of the wealth that Spainhad been taking from the lands it had claimed in the Americas.
Elizabeth I, Queen of England, encouraged her staunchadmiral of the navy, Sir Francis Drake, to raid Spanish ships and towns. Thoughthese raids were on a small scale, Drake achieved dramatic success, adding goldand silver to England'streasury and diminishing Spain'somnipotence.
Religious differences also caused conflict between the twocountries. Whereas Spain wasRoman Catholic, most of Englandhad become Protestant. King Philip II of Spainwanted to claim the throne and make England a Catholic country again.To satisfy his ambition and also to retaliate against England's theftof his gold and silver, King Philip began to build his fleet of warships, theArmada, in January 1586.
Philip intended his fleet to be indestructible. In additionto building new warships, he marshaled one hundred and thirty sailing vesselsof all types and recruited more than nineteen thousand robust soldiers andeight thousand sailors. Although some of his ships lacked guns and otherslacked ammunition, Philip was convinced that his Armada could withstand anybattle with England.
The martial Armada set sail from Lisbon, Portugal,on May 9,1588, but bad weather forced it back to port. The voyage resumed onJuly 22 after the weather became more stable.
The Spanish fleet met the smaller, faster, and moremaneuverable English ships in battle off the coast of Plymouth,England,first on July 31 and again on August 2. The two battles left Spainvulnerable, having lost several ships and with its ammunition depleted. OnAugust 7, while the Armada lay at anchor on the French side of the Strait ofDover, Englandsent eight burning ships into the midst of the Spanish fleet to set it on fire.Blocked on one side, the Spanish ships could only drift away, their crews inpanic and disorder. Before the Armada could regroup, the English attacked againon August 8
Although the Spaniards made a valiant effort to fight back,the fleet suffered extensive damage. During the eight hours of battle, theArmada drifted perilously close to the rocky coastline. At the moment when itseemed that the Spanish ships would be driven onto the English shore, the windshifted, and the Armada drifted out into the North Sea.The Spaniards recognized the superiority of the English fleet and returnedhome, defeated.

20.Sir Francis Drake added wealth to the treasury anddiminished Spain's____.
A. unlimited power B. unrestricted growth C. territory D.treaties E. answer not available in article

21. Philip recruited many ___soldiers and sailors.
A. warlike B. strong C. accomplished D. timid E. nonexperienced

22. The ____ Armada set sail on May 9, 1588.
A. complete B. warlike C. independent D. isolated E. answernot available

23. The two battles left the Spanish fleet ____.
A. open to change B. triumphant C. open to attack D.defeated E. discouraged

24. The Armada was ___ on one side.
A. closed off B. damaged C. alone D. circled E. answer notavailable in this article


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